Gardening is great for your health—and not just because growing a Northwest vegetable garden may inspire you to eat better. Gardening has been linked to stress relief, an improvement in overall mental health and even a lower risk of dementia.
Growing a Northwest vegetable garden is particularly rewarding. Seeing those first seedling push through the dirt can be thrilling, and eating the literal fruits of your labor is delicious and satisfying. Vegetable gardening also encourages you to try new recipes and experiment with plants you’ve never tried before.
Spring is an ideal time to get started on your Northwest vegetable garden. The longer days mean plants are growing quickly, giving them a chance to grow faster than pests can gnaw all the leaves off—and shortening the time it will take before your veggies are ready to eat.
But vegetable gardening in the Northwest is a delicate affair, one that involves careful consideration of air temperature and crop varieties. It takes a bit of trial and error, too, but you can reduce your mistakes by following this handy guide.
Picking the Right Spot for Your Northwest Vegetable Garden
If you live in a rural area with plenty of sun, you may have your pick of great spots to grow a Northwest vegetable garden. For urbanites, placement may be limited, but if you do have a few options to choose from, pick a spot that gets the most light in your yard. Ideally, the plants will get six to eight hours of direct sun a day—more in the summer, less in the spring and fall—for optimal growth.
City dwellers may have a hard time finding space to garden, but with some creativity, you may be able to plant a few herbs, lettuces, kale, peas and other crops that don’t require much space. Solid Ground has some great tips for small-space gardening.
Considering Your Soil
Soil is an important consideration, especially if you’re planting vegetables in existing garden beds. You can also build a raised bed and add soil bought from a nursery or hardware store—in this case, you’re starting out with great nutrients and just need to be sure to maintain that from year to year.
If you’re working with existing soil, chances are you’ll have to make certain improvements before it’s ready for veggies. You may also want to have your soil tested to make sure it’s free of metals like lead and other contaminants. The improvements you make will depend on the type of soil you’re working with: loamy, sandy, or clay. Here is a great article for understanding soil type and how to make improvements.
What —and When—to Plant
Plant too late in the Northwest, and you’ll miss the optimal growing season. Plant too early, and frost may destroy tender seedlings or fragile heat-loving crops. Your timing will differ depending on your exact location. Gardeners in Seattle and Portland don’t have to worry as much about late frosts as gardeners living further inland, closer to the mountains. And gardeners in Bellingham will have to start tomatoes much later than folks in Portland, but won’t see lettuces and herbs bolt and become bitter as quickly in the heat.
Seed packets and plant availability at your local nursery will give you a basic sense of timing. For a great schedule of what to plant and when, Steve Solomon’s Growing Vegetables West of the Cascades is a great resource—for this and all other topics related to vegetable gardening in the Pacific Northwest.
Maintaining a Healthy Northwest Vegetable Garden
It’s important to learn how much (or how little) to water your garden, how to fertilize it properly, and how to fight pests without damaging plants or risking the health of people and pets. These are fairly complex considerations, though over time, your processes and methods will become habitual. Resources like Steve Solomon’s book and others found in the gardening section of your local bookstore will help. Ideally, pick out one or two c that focus on the Northwest, so you can learn about the unique challenges facing the region’s vegetable gardens.
Don’t be afraid to make mistakes, especially during your first year. Look at every failure as an opportunity to learn more for next time. Spend time observing what’s happening in your garden, looking closely at how the plants grow and which ones work best in your yard. Keep a careful eye out for pests or diseases, and consider keeping a calendar or journal to document your findings for next year.